Paper is published in Physical Review E
Analysis of two-dimensional photonic band gaps of any rod shape and conductivity using a conical-integral-equation method
L. I. Goray and G. Schmidt
The conical-boundary-integral-equation method has been proposed for calculation of the sensitive optical response of two-dimensional photonic band gaps (PBGs), including dielectric, absorbing, and high-conductive rods of various shapes working in any wavelength range. It is possible to determine the diffracted field by computing the scattering matrices separately for any grating boundary profile. The computation of the matrices is based on the solution of a 2×2 system of singular integral equations at each interface between two different materials. The advantage of our integral formulation is that the discretization of the integral equation system and the factorization of the discrete matrices, which takes the majority of the computing time, are carried out only once for a boundary. It turns out that a small number of collocation points per boundary combined with a high convergence rate can provide an adequate description of the dependence on diffracted energy of very different PBGs illuminated at arbitrary incident and polarization angles. The numerical results presented describe the significant impact of rod shape on diffraction in PBGs supporting polariton-plasmon excitation, particularly in the vicinity of resonances and at high filling ratios. The diffracted energy response calculated vs the array cell geometry parameters was found to vary from a few up to a few hundred percent. The influence of other types of anomalies (i.e., waveguide anomalies, cavity modes, Fabry-Perot and Bragg resonances, Rayleigh orders, etc.), conductivity, and polarization states on the optical response is demonstrated.
© 2012 American Physical Society. [doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.85.036701]
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